- What is Test Tube Baby?
- The Process of Test Tube Baby
What is Test Tube Baby?
A test tube baby is a baby conceived using In Vitro fertilization or IVF technique. In this assisted reproductive technique the fertilization takes place outside the woman’s body. After achieving fertilization, the formed embryo implanted back into the woman’s uterus.
This is the most popular technique of becoming pregnant other than naturally. During the test tube baby procedure, the eggs and sperms are combined together for attaining fertilization. Once fertilization occurs, the resulted embryo is placed inside the womb of the mother. The process of test tube baby is complex, takes a substantial amount of time, and has multiple facets.
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The process of Test Tube baby explained in brief
At the beginning of the test tube baby process, ovulation induction is required in case the woman is not ovulating. This is done to induce ovulation. So that ovaries can produce and release eggs, which increases the likelihood of conception. For the purpose of inducing ovulation, fertility medication such as hormonal injection and fertility drugs are given to the woman for 7-15 consecutive days. During the medication, the condition of her ovaries monitored on a regular basis. And once the maturity of eggs confirmed, the process of egg retrieval begins.
Once the eggs have become fully mature, which is confirmed by several vaginal ultrasounds and hormonal tests, these eggs are collected from the ovaries by performing a minor surgical process. Eggs are retrieved with the help of a delicate needle having a suction device that pulls out the egg.
After the completion of the egg retrieval process, the next step in the test tube process is to obtain the semen sample of the male partner for facilitating fertilization. The male partner is invited to the clinic for ejaculation for collecting his sperm sample. If the male is unable to produce motile sperms or the sample collected is detected to be unhealthy or not motile enough to penetrate the egg, then the couple has the option of taking the help of a sperm donor.
Once healthy sperms are obtained from the procedure of semen collection, these sperms are then combined with the eggs and are kept in petri in a laboratory to achieve fertilization. After fertilization takes place, embryos are formed, and then the last step is embryo transfer.
After fertilization is accomplished, embryos or fertilized eggs are introduced into the uterus of the woman by the process of embryo transfer. The healthiest embryos are transferred into the woman’s uterus in which it is crucial that the embryos successfully attach to the endometrial or uterine wall so that successful pregnancy occurs. After two-week of embryo transfer, various tests and ultrasounds are conducted to see if pregnancy has taken place.